In the following article, we will provide you with information about the production , maintenance and investment in Bitumen.
Bitumen is a black material in the form of a paste,which is used in insulation and asphalt construction.
At first, we will discuss the history of Bitumen and explain it , so that you become more familiar with this black material.
People consider Bitumen as a valuable material from the past until now.The use of Bitumen dates back to 3800 years ago.
In many previous civilizations, people used Bitumen as moisture insulation.
In the past years , people used Bitumen for important purposes, including water storage, connecting devices and ships.
By insulating the ship, they prevented water from penetrating and sinking into it.
If you are one of those people who want to step on this path and great goal, stay with us until the end of the article .
the viscous fluid that comes out of the ground is unprocessed hydrocarbons which are called crude oil.
crude oil is a fossil fuel which is made up of decaying plants and animals inhabiting the oceans.
In the first process, they distill crude oil by parts and in a physical form that each of these parts has a different boiling point .
This operation take place in distillation or separation towers, which it produces various items such as: oil, diesel and etc.
Bitumen is one of the important petroleum products which is made up by crude oil. Bitumen production is take place according to continuous and discontinuous process.
Of course, you should note that in addition to the production, the Bitumen maintenance method is also very important.
You should take care of Bitumen at very low temperature. For example:
The safe temperature of Bitumen for specific operations is 2005 institute.
And for normal tasks, You need to consider temperatures 10 to 50 degrees Celsius higher than the pumping temperature.
The safe temperature of control for Bitumen storage is 230 degrees Celsius ,and this temperature should not exceed.
But if you want to keep Bitumen without added material for a long time, For example more than a week, temperature should decrease between 20-25 degrees Celsius above the softening point of Bitumen.
And if it’s possible,stop the circulation .
When they store Bitumen in storage, they have to it intermittently. especially when they use of a direct flame to heat the Bitumen and the temperature may reach over 300 degrees Celsius.
When you soften the Bitumen , the temperature can be higher than 300 degrees.
Because Bitumen is a viscous liquid that the circulation of heat convection spreads throughout it.
And other high heat doesn’t cause any problems for Bitumen.
If you carry Bitumen correctly, you can heat it for a considerable period of time or keep at high temperatures without negative effects on the characteristics of Bitumen.
Types of Bitumen
Based on Bitumen’s production origin, It has been placed under processes and divided into different types, we mention two of them:
1) Bitumen 60/70 has a degree of permeability between 60/70 and is produced through vaccum batuum of the distillation column .
2) Bitumen vg30 is produced through aeration of vaccum bottom distillation column.
Application of 60/70 Bitumen and vg30 Bitumen in temperature climate is very high and people use it for road construction and insulation.
They use 90% of Bitumen for road construction and use only 10% of it for insulation and bathroom floors.
and vg30 Bitumen storage ۶0/70
- Store in clean and covered places.
- Avoid contact with water,snow and cold
- Ventilation must be used to store Bitumen in closed warehouses
- Storage warehouses should be away from combustibles and flammable gases
60/70 Bitumen and vg30 Bitumen are used to produce liquid Bitumen
Bitumen market review
In the Bitumen market,we face four main problems that we mention:
1.Bitumen producing Companies have negative competition with each other.
- The ministry of roads and urban development receives subsidized Bitumen .
3.They produce Bitumen with low quality .
4.Small producers sell Bitumen in the global market cheaply.
But member of a executive commission confirmed the use of the exchange and the elimination of subsidized Bitumen to the Ministry of Roads and Urban development to solve the problems in the internal and external fields.
The The price of the Bitumen varies according to the high and lower prices of the daily dollar .
Investment in Bitumen
An important step to achieve the goal of investing in Bitumen is to have a source of income for Investment .
And you should also learn how to buy, sell and export Bitumen or be fully aware of it.
In order to invest in Bitumen, you need to understand your risk tolerance with the aim of making a profit.
And be aware of your personality strategy ,because if you do not have a proper understanding of yourself and the principles of investment ,you will definitely not succeed.
Investment in Bitumen should be based on the experience of domestic experts and the use of scientific research from research and academic centers , But you should pay attention to it, that walking in this way is not the same for everyone.
Anyone who wants to invest should pay special attention to the specific plan of his mind.
If you want to succeed, Stay in touch with investment advice and industrial consulting as a backup ,So that you can succeed in this great goal and Consult with them until the end of the investment process in bitumen from idea to implementation and take advantage of their comments .
We said everything about the production, maintenance and investment in bitumen, We should mention that big goals need to big thoughts.